Sarso ka botanical name and family

Catharanthus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae. Like the genus Vincathey are known commonly as periwinkles. Seven are endemic to Madagascar[4] though one, C. These are perennial herbs with oppositely or almost oppositely arranged leaves. Flowers are usually solitary in the leaf axils.

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Each has a calyx with five long, narrow lobes and a corolla with a tubular throat and five lobes. Catharanthus roseusknown formerly as Vinca roseais a main source of vinca alkaloidsnow sometimes called catharanthus alkaloids.

The plant produces about of these compounds, including vinblastine and vincristinetwo drugs used to treat cancer. Catharanthus roseus is also cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens. Several cultivars have been bred to produce flowers in many shades of pink, red, lilac, and white, or in light shades with dark throats.

Catharanthus roseus pollinated by butterflies and moths. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Don Type species Catharanthus roseus L. Retrieved May 21, Madagascar Catalogue. Retrieved December 12, The Jepson eFlora Current Medicinal Chemistry. CRC Press. The evolution of drug discovery: From traditional medicines to modern drugs. Missouri Botanical Garden. Categories : Catharanthus Apocynaceae genera.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.The following points highlight the five main types of oil plants. The types are: 1. Castor Seed 2.

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Yellow Sarson 3. Sesame 4.

sarso ka botanical name and family

Eucalyptus Oil 5. Plant is a tall shrub with large rounded, partly lobed leaves and big terminal branches of flowers. Because of a very low freezing point, castor oil ideally suits for the lubrication of aeroplane engines.

It is also used for preparation of hair oils, hair fixers, hair lotions, lipsticks and aromatic perfumes. The seeds of this herb yield an edible oil used in confectionery and for making margarine, soaps, cosmetics, insecticides, perfumes and several medicines. In India, it is grown In U. Essential oil obtained from the leaves of these and several other species of Eucalyptus is used in perfumery.

In cinema halls, eucalyptus oil is used as an ingredient of deodorizing and asepticizing compositions. Wood pulp of these species is used in manufacture of good quality writing- and printing paper. Extensive plantations of E. Large scale plantations of E. Top Menu BiologyDiscussion. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes.

Answer Now and help others. Answer Now. Here's how it works: Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.The mustard plant belongs to a very important plant family that includes cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, radishes, collards, kale, brussels sprouts, and turnips. Members of this plant family all share similar chemicals, chemicals that give them their unique smell and taste.

You either love them or hate them. These distinctive chemicals give these plants more than an identifiable smell, they make these foods super healthy. For the wellness buff, its good to know that these chemicals have been proven to preserve health in a number of ways, they prevent cancer, infection, and more. The stronger the smell, the stronger the health preservation capacity.

The mustard plant packs its little seeds with heaps of these chemicals, and its, product, mustard, is a big time ancient health preserver. When you see the word mustard what usually comes to mind is the yellow stuff that gets plastered on a bun before the hot dog is seated in the middle. This is, in fact, mustard, the very substance that could save your life. When we talk of mustard in the realm of life saving we have to deal with a few different mustards, white mustard, black mustard, and leaf mustard.

The white and the black are raised for their seed; and the leaf, as one might guess, is raised for its tender greens. The yellow stuff that comes in bottles with squeeze holes is the ground seed of the black mustard seed, usually mixed with vinegar and a host of secret ingredients. The idea of mustard seed paste is universal, being made from Japan to the United States and back around. The common ingredient in all the mustards is the mustard flour or sinapsine, the materials that keep the mustards glued together varying from country to country.

The French make their mustard with whole berries and white wine vinegar, the Chinese make theirs with rice wine vinegar, and the Americans make theirs with artificial flavorings, preservatives and yellow dye. Everybody around the world makes mustard, and each and every culture adds its own touch to the mixture.

The condiment mustard, used internationally, has its roots in health, and all the cultures that smear it on their sandwiches, originally did so to preserve their health. The paste was thought to aid in digestion and lead to extra-vitality.

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Hey, next time you have the mustard out for a sandwich, take your shoes and socks off, and smear some on the bottom of your feet, put them up for a spell, and be cured. An old European country cure for debility or falling apart of the body. Who knows, it may work. This treatment is official in reducing fever around the globe. On the island of Curacaothe leaves rather than the seeds of the mustard plant are crushed and made into a paste, which is bound under the soles of the feet to draw out fever.

I must say I would never have thought to use mustard on anything but on corned beef. But scratch the surface in the arena of mustard and you might be surprised what you will find. White mustard Sinapis alba seems to be indigenous to the southern countries of Europe and Western Asia, from which, according to Chinese authors, it was introduced into China.

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Formerly it was not distinguished from black mustard. Its cultivation in England is quite recent, but it is now an abundant weed in many sections. White mustard, in common with black mustard, is an exceedingly popular, stimulating condiment, and is preferred, on account of its color as well as its mildness, to the black mustard.

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Black mustard Sinapis nigra is an herb found over the whole of Europeexcepting the extreme north. It was known to the ancients, TheophrastusDioscoridesPlinyand others noticing the plant.

In early times it seems to have been used more as a medicine than as a condiment; but b. Diocletian speaks of it as a substance used as a condiment in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages, Europeans esteemed it as an accompaniment to salted meats.Purple Wild Musk Mallow. White Wild Musk Mallow. West-Himalayan Silver Fir. Indian Cockspur Thorn. Alder Leaved Cat Tail. Birch-Leaved Cat Tail.

Toothed Bract Indian Copperleaf. Striped Jug Flower Orchid. Lycopodium Prickly Thrift. Coyne's Chaff Flower.

sarso ka botanical name and family

Dalzell's Vernonia. Fringed Pod Toothache Plant. Balfour's Monkshood. Fletcher's Monkshood. Greenish Himalayan Monkshood. Grape-Leaved Monkshood. Arnott's Acrotrema. Yellow Himalayan Oxeye Daisy. Silver Vase Bromeliad. Tausch's Goat-Grass. Many Flowered Fox Brush Orchid.

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Fragrant Fox Brush Orchid. Hooker's Blushwort. Large-Flower Blushwort. East Himalayan Horse Chestnut. Indian Horse Chestnut. Travancore Greenviolet. White Lily of the Nile. Griffith's Lantern Flower. Meghalaya Lantern Flower. Caribbean Century Plant. Swan's Neck Agave. Himalayan Grass-Leaf Orchid. Indian Tree of Heaven. Small-Flowered Bugleweed. Himalayan Lady's Mantle.Brassica nigraor black mustardis an annual plant cultivated for its black or dark brown seeds, which are commonly used as a spice.

It is native to tropical regions of North Africatemperate regions of Europeand parts of Asia. It is an upright plant, with large stalked leaves. They are covered with hairs or bristles at the base, but on the stem smoother. The flowers have four yellow petals, which are twice as long as the sepals.

Each stem has around four flowers at the top, forming a ring around the stem. Later, the plant forms long seed pods, that contain four rounded seeds. It was formally described by Karl Koch in "Deutschl. The Latin specific epithet nigra is derived from the Latin word for black.

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It is native to tropical regions of North Africa, temperate regions of Europe and parts of Asia. In eastern Europe, it is found within BelarusMoldova and Ukraine. In northern Europe, in Ireland and United Kingdom. Also in southwestern Europe, it is found in France and Spain. It was introduced to the Pacific coast of North America and is considered an invasive species. More than 2, years ago, the plant was used as a condimentit was mentioned by the Roman author Columella in the 1st century A.

The plant leaves were also pickled in vinegar. In 13th century France the seeds were ground and used. They were mixed with partially fermented grape juice to create "mout-ardent" or burning must.

5 Main Types of Oil Plants | Economic Botany

This became later "moutarde", [1] now called mustard in English. A spice is generally made from ground seeds of the plant, with the seed coats removed. They are flavorful, although they have almost no aroma. The seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine[10] for example in currywhere it is known as rai.

The seeds have a significant amount of fatty oil, mainly oleic acid. In Ethiopiawhere it is cultivated as a vegetable in GondarHarar and Shewathe shoots and leaves are consumed cooked and the seeds used as a spice. Its Amharic name is senafitch. Black mustard is thought to be the seed mentioned by Jesus in the Parable of the Mustard Seed. Since the s, black mustard has become less popular as compared to brown mustardbecause some cultivars of brown mustard have seeds that can be mechanically harvested in a more efficient manner.

In the UK, the plant was used to make "hot mustard baths", which would aid people with colds. In Eastern Canada, the use of mouche de moutarde to treat respiratory infections was popular before the advent of modern medicine. It consisted in mixing ground mustard seeds with flour and water, and creating a cataplasm with the paste. This cataplasm was put on the chest or the back and left until the person felt a stinging sensation.Malheur Experiment Station.

Flowers and catkins develop and flower on twigs of the previous year before the leaves come out. Dicentra cucullaria Common Names Dutchman's breeches Family Bleeding heart or Fumatory Plant Type Forb Short Description Dutchman's breeches is a native wildflower that grows in a few partial shade sheltered canyon environments.

These spots have more moisture than rangelands, but are not really wet soil. Asperugo procumbens Common Names Family Borage. Cryptantha sp. Heliotropium curassavicum L. Lithospermum arvense Common Names corn gromwell Family Borage. Orobanche sp. Native Yes Weed No. Aguilegia sp. Buddleja sp. Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. Aster alpigenus var. Brickellia sp. It is an early succession plant following fire. Native Yes Weed Yes. Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt.

It is a native plant in the western United states and British Columbia. Native. Ericameria nauseosa Common Names rubber rabbitbrush, gray rabbitbrush, gray rabbit brush, rubber rabbit brush Family Composites, Sunflower Flower Color Yellow Plant Type Shrub Short Description Gray rabbitbrush Ericameria nauseosa grows throughout Malheur County and surrounding areas of the intermountain west.

Gray rabbitbrush is also known as rubber rabbitbrush and is a member of the Composite or Aster family. Erigeron concinnus var. Native Yes. Native Yes Weed Noxious. Apocynum cannabinum L. Oenothera pallida Lindl. Penstemon spp. Native of Europe or Asia. Ribes sp. Native No Weed Yes. Its toxicity increases as the plant matures. Introduced Yes Weed Yes. Sambucus nigra ssp.

Native No Weed Can be. Iris sp. Lupinus sp.

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Camassia quamash Common Names black camas, camas, small camas Family Lily Flower Color Blue Short Description The close up pictures of camas show 6 pale to deep blue petals in the form of a star. Veratrum viride Common Names green false hellebore Family Lily Flower Color Green, mixed Plant Type Forb Short Description False hellebore is a common plant of mid and high elevation marshes, growing exclusively on soils that have a continual source of free water.

Salvia dorrii var.The mustard plant is a plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae. Mustard seed is used as a spice.

Grinding and mixing the seeds with water, vinegar, or other liquids creates the yellow condiment known as prepared mustard. The seeds can also be pressed to make mustard oiland the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens.

Although some varieties of mustard plants were well-established crops in Hellenistic and Roman times, Zohary and Hopf note, "There are almost no archeological records available for any of these crops.

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However, Zohary and Hopf conclude: "Suggestions as to the origins of these plants are necessarily based on linguistic considerations. Mild white mustard Sinapis alba grows wild in North Africathe Middle Eastand Mediterranean Europe, and has spread farther by long cultivation ; oriental mustard Brassica junceaoriginally from the foothills of the Himalaya, is grown commercially in India, Canada, the United Kingdom, Denmark, and the US ; black mustard Brassica nigra is grown in Argentina, Chile, the US and some European countries.

Many varieties exist, e. Farmers prefer late-flowering varieties, which do not produce seeds; they may become weeds in the subsequent year. Early vigor is important to cover the soil quickly and suppress weeds and protect the soil against erosion. In rotations with sugar beetssuppression of the white beet-cyst nematode is an important trait.

Recent research has studied varieties of mustards with high oil contents for use in the production of biodiesela renewable liquid fuel similar to diesel fuel. The biodiesel made from mustard oil has good flow properties and cetane ratings. The leftover meal after pressing out the oil has also been found to be an effective pesticide.

A genetic relationship between many species of mustard, along with turnipscabbageand their respective derivatives, has been observed and is described as the triangle of U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the prepared condiment, see Mustard condiment. For other uses of the term "mustard", see Mustard disambiguation.

sarso ka botanical name and family

Oxford: University Press. Saskatchewan Mustard Development Commission. Mustard Consumer Website. SMDC


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